What happened today (May 18) with regard to the governor’s
Today, the governor announced at a press conference that the
state is moving to Phase II of his re-opening plan. This means many new
businesses will be allowed to re-open using certain protocols. In a
somewhat confusing release, the governor said at his press conference that the
protocols listed in the governor’s “Texans Helping Texans” Report to Open Texas still apply. However, the “Open
Texas” website states that they are no longer valid. Instead,
it appears that one must look to the link for each new business type for
appropriate protocols. Here are the newly-announced re-openings (referred
to in the newest executive order (GA-23) as “covered services”), with a link to the protocols for each:
New, In Effect May 31, 2020:
Day Youth Camp Operators and Staff
Day Youth Camp Families
Resident/Overnight Youth Camp Operators and Staff
Resident/Overnight Youth Camp Families
Professional Sports Without In-Person Spectators
New, In Effect May 22, 2020:
Bowling Alleys, Bingo Halls, Simulcasting, Skating Rinks
Bowling, Bingo, Simulcasting, Skating Customers
Rodeo / Equestrian Events
Zoos, Aquariums, Natural Caverns
Zoo, Aquarium, Natural Cavern Visitors
New, Now in Effect as of May 18, 2020:
Child Care Centers
Child Care Families
Massage and Personal-Care, Beauty Services
Massage and Personal-Care, Beauty Service Customers
Youth Club Participants
All of the above are in addition to already-announced
re-openings. All of the re-opened (“covered”) services are listed on the
Open Texas website.
Notable quotes from the governor at the press conference
included the following:
-“We must find ways to co-exist with COVID-19.”
-“Every decision I have made is unanimously supported by our
team of medical experts.”
-“Most of the increasing cases involved nursing homes, jails,
and meat packing plants.”
The governor concluded the press conference with his request
that everyone “be a good neighbor, be a Texan.”
With the above additions, what are the basics of the newest
Executive Order (GA-23) right now?
Executive Order GA-23 provides that Texans should minimize
social gatherings and minimize in-person contact with people who are not in the
same household and, if leaving the home, implement social distancing and to
practice good hygiene, environmental cleanliness, and sanitation. Beyond
this restriction, the order provides that:
-Covered Services: The above is true, except where
necessary to provide or obtain “covered services.” Covered services is a
new term that loosely replaces “essential and re-opened services” and consists
of everything listed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) in its Guidance on the Essential Critical Infrastructure Workforce,
Version 3.0 or any subsequent version, plus religious services conducted in
accordance with the attorney general’s guidelines in churches, congregations,
and houses of worship. These covered services are not subject to the conditions
and limitations, including occupancy or operating limits, that apply to
“Additional Covered Services,” below.
-Additional Covered Services: Covered services also
include, subject to conditions and limitations, a long list of additional
services, some of which are open now and some of which can open in the coming
weeks. The best place to find those, and the applicable conditions and
limitations, is to visit the governor’s Open Texas web page. (Due to the volume of services,
they won’t be listed here.)
-Occupancy Limits: For covered services with limits
based on “total listed occupancy,” the total listed occupancy limits refer to
the maximum occupant load set by local or state law, but for purposes of this
executive order, staff members are not included in determining operating levels
except for non-CISA manufacturing service providers and non-CISA services
provided by office workers. The “total listed occupancy” limits do not apply to
outdoor areas, events, facilities, or establishments. Additionally, valet
services are prohibited except for vehicles with placards or plates for
-Minimum Protocols: In providing or obtaining
covered services, all persons (including individuals, businesses and other
organizations, and any other legal entity) should use good-faith efforts and
available resources to follow the minimum standard health protocols recommended by DSHS. All
persons should also follow, to the extent not inconsistent with the DSHS
minimum standards, the Guidelines from the President and the CDC, as well as other CDC recommendations. Individuals are
encouraged to wear appropriate face coverings, but no jurisdiction can impose a
civil or criminal penalty for failure to wear a face covering. Nothing in the
executive order or the DSHS minimum standards precludes requiring a customer
wishing to obtain services to follow additional hygiene measures.
-Safe Daily Activities: The order does not prohibit
people from accessing covered services or engaging in safe daily activities,
such as going to the grocery store or gas station; providing or obtaining other
Covered Services; visiting swimming pools, parks, beaches, rivers, or lakes;
hunting or fishing; attending youth club meetings or events; or engaging in
physical activity like jogging, bicycling, or other outdoor sports, so long as
the necessary precautions are maintained to reduce the transmission of COVID-19
and to minimize in-person contact with people who are not in the same
Elderly Protections: People shall not visit nursing homes,
state supported living centers, assisted living facilities, or long term care
facilities unless to provide critical assistance as determined through guidance
from the Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC). Nursing homes,
state supported living centers, assisted living facilities, and long-term care
facilities should follow infection control policies and practices set forth by
the HHSC, including minimizing the movement of staff between facilities
-Counties with Different Conditions: Due to special
conditions, the order treats Deaf Smith, El Paso, Moore, Potter, and Randall
The order expires on June 3, 2020. It’s safe to say that
the most recent order and its edicts have become extremely
complicated. Again, the governor’s Open Texas webpage is the easiest way to determine what can
and can’t be open.
What does Executive Order GA-23 provide in regard to enforcement
and superseding language?
The order eliminates confinement in jail as an available penalty
for any violation of any executive order. It provides that:
“No jurisdiction can confine a person in jail as a penalty for
violating any executive order, or any order issued by local officials, in
response to the COVD-19 disaster. To the extent any order issued by local
officials in response to the COVLD-l9 disaster would allow confinement in jail,
that order is superseded, and I hereby suspend all relevant laws to the extent
necessary to ensure that local officials do not confine people in jail for
violating any order issued in response to the COVD-19 disaster.”
It also provides that it supersedes any contrary local or state
What’s the latest in the mail-in ballot controversy?
Last Friday (May 15), the Texas Supreme Court ordered a
temporary hold on the expansion of voting by mail-in ballot during the virus
emergency. The court’s order adds to a confusing melee of legal challenges
in both state and federal court. How does the latest order fit into the
state court scheme?
-A district court judge ordered a temporary injunction preventing the Travis
County clerk from rejecting any mail ballot applications received from
registered voters who use the disability category of eligibility as a result of
the COVID-19 pandemic as the justification for submitting the application.
-The attorney general immediately appealed the judge’s order, in
addition to issuing a memo to county election officials emphasizing that the
order has no effect during the appeal.
-The case was subsequently transferred from the Austin court of
appeals to the 14th Court of Appeals in Houston, and the attorney general filed
a brief with the court of appeals arguing that the
judge’s order represented an unlawful expansion of mail-in voting.
-The 14th Court of Appeals upheld the trial court’s temporary
-The attorney general appealed the 14th court’s opinion to the
Texas Supreme Court, which temporarily overturned the opinion and stayed any
restriction on prosecution of voters who improperly request mail in ballots.
The stay is based on the case that was appealed up through the
system. The attorney general also filed a separate petition directly with
the Texas Supreme Court, but the court hasn’t acted on that yet.
What has the governor asked paid fire departments to do with
regard to nursing home virus testing?
The governor issues the following press release last Friday (May
“Governor Abbott, TDEM Announce Partnership With Local Fire
Departments To Expand Testing In Nursing Homes:
Governor Greg Abbott and the Texas Division of Emergency
Management (TDEM) today announced that local fire departments in Texas are
partnering with local public health authorities to provide testing in nursing
homes throughout the state. This partnership has been developed and is being
implemented through an ongoing collaboration between TDEM, the Texas Commission
on Fire Protection, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission, and the
Texas Department of State Health Services. Costs associated with providing
these tests are eligible for federal reimbursement.
‘This partnership builds upon our efforts to expand COVID-19
testing in the Lone Star State, especially among our most vulnerable Texans,’
said Governor Abbott. ‘I thank our local fire departments for continuing to
serve their fellow Texans throughout the COVID-19 response. By serving their
communities in this new capacity, we will continue to contain the spread of
this virus and protect the health and safety of all Texans.’”
Following the press release and a conference call with some fire
departments and others, the executive commissioner of the Texas Department of
Health and Human Services issued a letter to paid fire departments:
“To All Fire Departments:
On May 11, 2020, Governor Greg Abbott directed that 100 percent
of staff and residents in Texas nursing facilities be tested for SARS-CoV-2,
the virus that causes COVID-19, in accordance with White House guidance.
Texas nursing facilities are licensed under the authority of the
Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC). The testing teams may
consist of state and/or local government personnel, including first responders
from local fire departments.
As the Executive Commissioner of HHSC, I authorize fire
department personnel to enter licensed nursing facilities for the purpose of
collecting specimens for testing for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes
Testing teams must self-screen before entering the nursing
facility and are expected to bring their own personal protective equipment. The
teams are implementing the governor’s direction and are authorized to enter the
If a nursing facility has questions about this authorization
they should contact the HHSC Long Term Care Regulatory region for assistance.”
In addition HHS provided a FAQ document related to the program.
A regional TDEM representative emailed the following to
emergency management coordinators regarding nursing home testing options for
-Texas Commission on Fire Protection (TCFP) certified fire
departments have been asked to assist with the testing process, if willing and
-This is not a mandate.
-It applies only for those fire departments that are willing and
-HHSC will be coordinating the process and TDEM will provide
support and supplies necessary for the testing.
-Fire department testing processes will need to be closely
coordinated to ensure timely delivery of compatible testing kits, lab
According to the TCFP, the San Antonio Fire Department prepared
a video showing testing protocols for fire fighters, and the
City of Austin prepared a resolution to implement testing by its Fire
The League will continue to provide information on this
developing partnership as it becomes available.
What is the latest news on the disaster exemption in Senate Bill
2 that authorizes a city council to calculate their voter-approval tax rate at
8 percent instead of 3.5 percent under certain circumstances?
On Friday (May 15), Governor Abbott was asked in a television
interview about TML’s interpretation that the 8 percent voter-approval rate
calculation is an option for city councils pursuant to the statewide COVID-19
disaster declaration. He responded as follows:
“First, I don’t construe the law the same way that the municipal
league does. I disagree, and I think the Texas attorney general disagrees with
that legal interpretation.
Know this, your property taxes are not determined by the
valuation of your home. They are determined by the taxing authority.
We are urging taxing authorities to not raise rates, but to cut
property tax rates to lessen the burden on property owners in Texas.”
Other than the governor’s verbal assertion, neither he nor the
attorney general have provided any guidance as to why they think the disaster
rate calculation provision in S.B. 2 does not apply. As budget season begins
in earnest, city officials are understandably confused by the governor’s
That being said, we see no reason to modify our interpretation
at this time. The League will continue to monitor the issue and report as
soon as any further guidance is made available.
What is going on with regard to federal stimulus legislation?
CapitalEdge, a Washington, D.C.-based advocacy firm that
represents cities, has prepared a summary of the HEROES Act (H.R. 6800), which
passed the U.S. House of Representatives last Friday (May 15). The summary includes Divisions A-G of the 200 page legislation. A
summary of later divisions is forthcoming.
In addition, Senators Menendez (D – New Jersey) and Cassidy (R –
Louisiana) today (May 18) introduced the SMART Act. According to the
National League of Cities, the legislation would allocate $500 billion overall,
with each state receiving at least $2 billion, and with $20 billion reserved
for Tribal governments. The funds would be allocated as follows:
-$160 billion sent to the states by population.
-$160 billion is sent to the states based on the state's
infection rate of COVID-19 on June 1, 2020, divided by the total of all
COVID-19 cases in all states on that date.
-$160 billion to states to be used for lost revenue.
The funds may not be used to shore up pension systems, but they
can be used for expenditures in calendar year 2020, 2021, or 2022, that a
state, tribal government, or unit of local government would otherwise be unable
to make because of decreased or delayed revenues.
More details will follow if the bill gains momentum.
Where can I find archived issues of the TML Coronavirus Updates?
TML Coronavirus Updates are archived by date here and by subject here.